Image_1_Case Report: Dendritic Cells and Macrophages Capture Sperm in Chronically Inflamed Human Epididymis.pdf (257.04 kB)
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Image_1_Case Report: Dendritic Cells and Macrophages Capture Sperm in Chronically Inflamed Human Epididymis.pdf

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posted on 23.02.2021, 14:55 by Wenzhong Zheng, Shiqiang Zhang, Xiaobao Chen, Shaoqin Jiang, Zhihao Li, Mengqiang Li

Chronic inflammation of the male genital tract is thought to be a primary etiological factor of male infertility. The abundance and activation of macrophages and dendritic cells in patients with chronic inflammation of genital tract were closely associated with oligozoospermia and asthenospermia. Chronic epididymitis appears to be more important than seminal vesiculitis or prostatitis due to the direct interaction between spermatozoa and epididymal inflammatory cells. In this study, we present a case report of a 41-year-old male with oligoasthenospermia and chronic epididymitis. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and immunofluorescence analyses showed that antigen presenting cells including macrophages and dendritic cells were found capturing spermatozoa in the lumen of cauda epididymis. To our knowledge, this is the first case report that directly observed dendritic cells capturing spermatozoa in the lumen of an inflamed epididymis. This finding directly explains chronic epididymitis as the possible cause of oligospermia in patients.

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