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Image_1_CD24-Fc suppression of immune related adverse events in a therapeutic cancer vaccine model of murine neuroblastoma.tif (147.63 kB)

Image_1_CD24-Fc suppression of immune related adverse events in a therapeutic cancer vaccine model of murine neuroblastoma.tif

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posted on 2023-06-06, 04:15 authored by Xiaofang Wu, Priya Srinivasan, Mousumi Basu, Talia Zimmerman, Samuel Li, Yin Wang, Pan Zheng, Yang Liu, Anthony David Sandler
Introduction

The combination of Myc-suppressed whole tumor cells with checkpoint inhibitors targeting CTLA-4 and PD-L1 generates a potent therapeutic cancer vaccine in a mouse neuroblastoma model. As immunotherapies translate from pre-clinical to clinical trials, the potential immune-related adverse events (irAEs) associated with induction of potent immunity must be addressed. The CD24-Siglec 10/G interaction is an innate checkpoint that abrogates inflammatory responses to molecules released by damaged cells, but its role in cancer immunology is not well defined. We investigate irAEs of an effective whole cell neuroblastoma vaccine and subsequently the effect of CD24-Fc, a CD24 and Fc fusion protein, on both the vaccine efficacy and induced irAEs in a mouse neuroblastoma model.

Methods

To test whether the whole tumor cell vaccination leads to autoimmune responses in other organ systems we harvested lung, heart, kidney and colon from naïve mice (n=3), unvaccinated tumor only mice (n=3), and vaccinated mice with CD24 Fc (n=12) or human IgG-Fc control (n=12) after tumor inoculation and vaccination therapy at day 30. The Immune cell infiltrates and immunogenic pathway signatures in different organ systems were investigated using NanoString Autoimmune Profiling arrays. Nanostring RNA transcript results were validated with immunohistochemistry staining.

Results

The whole tumor cell vaccine combined with immune checkpoint therapy triggers occult organ specific immune cell infiltrates, primarily in cardiac tissue and to a lesser extent in the renal and lung tissue, but not in the colon. CD24-Fc administration with vaccination partially impedes anti-tumor immunity but delaying CD24-Fc administration after initial vaccination reverses this effect. CD24-Fc treatment also ameliorates the autoimmune response induced by effective tumor vaccination in the heart.

Discussion

This study illustrates that the combination of Myc suppressed whole tumor cell vaccination with checkpoint inhibitors is an effective therapy, but occult immune infiltrates are induced in several organ systems in a mouse neuroblastoma model. The systemic administration of CD24-Fc suppresses autoimmune tissue responses, but appropriate timing of administration is critical for maintaining efficacy of the therapeutic vaccine.

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