Image_1_CCL5 as a Prognostic Marker for Survival and an Indicator for Immune Checkpoint Therapies in Small Cell Lung Cancer.JPEG (497.31 kB)
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posted on 17.02.2022, 04:34 authored by Yichun Tang, Yueyang Hu, Yuchun Niu, Lei Sun, Linlang Guo

The standard treatment for small cell lung cancer (SCLC) has not changed in decades. Recently, important advances have been made in immunotherapy. However, analysis of these trials suggests that only a small proportion of patients benefit from immune checkpoint blockade (ICB). Identifying these patients is a clinical challenge. In this study, we applied the ESTIMATE calculation to calculate immune scores in 159 cases of SCLC from two published cohorts. COX regression analysis was used to analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with high and low immune score. We found that CCL5 expression was positively correlated with survival in SCLC patients. In addition, we verified the effect of CCL5 on survival and response to treatment in another cohort that received immunotherapy. Meanwhile, Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) showed that genes with high expression of CCL5 were mainly enriched in immune-related activities. The result of Tumor Immune Dysfunction and Exclusion (TIDE) demonstrated that CCL5 was a potential biomarker to predict response to ICB for SCLC, which is correspondent with the result in verified cohort. These results suggest that CCL5 may be the reason for TME to maintain its immune dominance, making it a favorable factor for ICB. Therefore, CCL5 levels may help to outline the prognosis of patients with SCLC.

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