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posted on 19.11.2021, 05:02 authored by Chengming Liu, Sihui Wang, Sufei Zheng, Fei Xu, Zheng Cao, Xiaoli Feng, Yan Wang, Qi Xue, Nan Sun, Jie He

Immunotherapy has been focused on by many oncologists and researchers. While, due to technical biases of absolute quantification, few traditional biomarkers for anti-PD-1 immunotherapy have been applied in regular clinical practice of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, there is an urgent and unmet need for a feasible tool—immune to data source bias—for identifying patients who might benefit from ICIs in clinical practice. Using the strategy based on the relative ranking of gene expression levels, we herein proposed the novel BRGP index (BRGPI): four BRGPs significantly related with progression-free survival of NSCLC patients treated with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy in the multicohort analysis. Moreover, stratification and multivariate Cox regression analyses demonstrated that BRGPI was an independent prognostic factor. Notably, compared to PD-L1, BRGPI exerted the best predictive ability. Further analysis showed that the patients in the BRGPI-low and PD-L1-high subgroup derived more clinical benefits from anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. In conclusion, the prospect of applying the BRGPI to real clinical practice is promising owing to its powerful and reliable predictive value.

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