Image_1_Association Between Socioeconomic Status and Prevalence of Cardio-Metabolic Risk Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study on Residents in North China.pdf
Studies have found associations between cardio-metabolic disorders and socioeconomic status (SES) in developed areas. However, little epidemiological data are available on residents of less developed areas in North China. A cross-sectional study that consisted of 2,650 adults randomly selected from local residents was conducted on a developing province, Hebei. SES was assessed in terms of education, personal income per year, and occupation. The association between SES and metabolic syndrome (MetS) was determined by multivariate logistic regression. The weighted prevalence of MetS was 26.8% among residents of Hebei province. The lower prevalence of MetS and abdominal obesity was associated with increase in SES groups. After adjustments regarding age, sex, body mass index, living area, smoking, salt intake, and family history of diabetes, odds ratio (OR) for elevated blood pressure (BP) of individuals with higher SES level was 0.71 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.542–0.921] compared with those with lower SES level. Cardio-metabolic risk factors were commonly identified among residents of Hebei province in north China and were associated with SES conditions. This study indicated that from a public health perspective, more attention should be paid to screening of cardio-metabolic disorders in less developed areas.