Image_1_Assessment of Liver Function for Evaluation of Long-Term Outcomes of Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: A Multi-Institutional Analysis of 620 Patients.jpg
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Background: Liver function is a routine laboratory test prior to curative liver resection. It remains unclear whether the albumin–bilirubin (ALBI) grade and albumin-to-alkaline phosphatase ratio (AAPR) can predict long-term outcomes of surgically treated patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).
Methods: This study investigated the correlation between ALBI grade and AAPR with overall survival (OS) after liver resection and then compared their accuracy to the Child–Pugh score. Harrell's concordance index (C-index) and Akaike information criterion (AIC) were used to compare accuracy of models.
Results: A total of 620 ICC patients were included, 477 in derivation cohort and 143 for validation. 0.348 was identified as the cutoff value for AAPR after calculating the Youden index. In the derivation cohort, elevated ALBI grade was associated with worse prognosis [hazard ratio (HR): 1.751, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.329 to 2.306], and a decreased AAPR value was correlated with shorter OS (HR: 1.969, 95% CI: 1.552 to 2.497). Multivariate analysis suggested that the ALBI grade, AAPR, CA19-9, tumor number, and microvascular invasion were independent prognostic predictors for OS. ALBI grade and AAPR showed more accuracy in evaluating OS for surgically treated ICC patients than the Child–Pugh score (C-index: 0.559, 0.600 vs. 0.528; AIC: 3023.84, 3007.73 vs. 3034.66). Our findings were validated in an independent cohort from another clinical center.
Conclusions: Importantly, the ALBI grade and AAPR showed greater discriminatory power than the Child–Pugh score in assessing long-term outcomes following hepatectomy for ICC. The AAPR was more accurate than the ALBI grade. It was beneficial to consider the ALBI grade and AAPR as useful surrogate markers to identify patients at risk of poor postoperative outcomes.
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