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posted on 16.11.2021, 04:51 by Fumihiro Kato, Yuichiro Nakatsu, Keiko Murano, Aika Wakata, Toru Kubota, Takayuki Hishiki, Toshiyuki Yamaji, Minoru Kidokoro, Hiroshi Katoh, Makoto Takeda

Many efforts have been dedicated to the discovery of antiviral drug candidates against the mumps virus (MuV); however, no specific drug has yet been approved. The development of efficient screening methods is a key factor for the discovery of antiviral candidates. In this study, we evaluated a screening method using an Aequorea coerulescens green fluorescent protein-expressing MuV infectious molecular clone. The application of this system to screen for active compounds against MuV replication revealed that CD437, a retinoid acid receptor agonist, has anti-MuV activity. The point of antiviral action was a late step(s) in the MuV life cycle. The replication of other paramyxoviruses was also inhibited by CD437. The induction of retinoic acid-inducible gene (RIG)-I expression is a reported mechanism for the antiviral activity of retinoids, but our results indicated that CD437 did not stimulate RIG-I expression. Indeed, we observed antiviral activity despite the absence of RIG-I, suggesting that CD437 antiviral activity does not require RIG-I induction.

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