Image_1_A Truncated Form of HpARI Stabilizes IL-33, Amplifying Responses to the Cytokine.TIFF (1.56 MB)

Image_1_A Truncated Form of HpARI Stabilizes IL-33, Amplifying Responses to the Cytokine.TIFF

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posted on 30.06.2020 by Caroline Chauché, Francesco Vacca, Shin Li Chia, Josh Richards, William F. Gregory, Adefunke Ogunkanbi, Martin Wear, Henry J. McSorley

The murine intestinal nematode Heligmosomoides polygyrus releases the H. polygyrus Alarmin Release Inhibitor (HpARI) - a protein which binds to IL-33 and to DNA, effectively tethering the cytokine in the nucleus of necrotic cells. Previous work showed that a non-natural truncation consisting of the first 2 domains of HpARI (HpARI_CCP1/2) retains binding to both DNA and IL-33, and inhibited IL-33 release in vivo. Here, we show that the affinity of HpARI_CCP1/2 for IL-33 is significantly lower than that of the full-length protein, and that HpARI_CCP1/2 lacks the ability to prevent interaction of IL-33 with its receptor. When HpARI_CCP1/2 was applied in vivo it potently amplified IL-33-dependent immune responses to Alternaria alternata allergen, Nippostrongylus brasiliensis infection and recombinant IL-33 injection, in direct contrast to the IL-33-suppressive effects of full-length HpARI. Mechanistically, we found that HpARI_CCP1/2 is able to bind to and stabilize IL-33, preventing its degradation and maintaining the cytokine in its active form. This study highlights the importance of IL-33 inactivation, the potential for IL-33 stabilization in vivo, and describes a new tool for IL-33 research.

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