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posted on 17.08.2021, 05:21 authored by Xin-Yu Li, Lu-Yu Zhang, Xue-Yuan Li, Xi-Tao Yang, Li-Xin Su
Background

In this study, a prognostic model based on pyroptosis-related genes was established to predict overall survival (OS) in patients with glioblastoma (GBM).

Methods

The gene expression data and clinical information of GBM patients were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and bioinformatics analysis of differentially expressed genes was performed. LASSO Cox regression model was used to construct a three-pyroptosis-related gene signature, and validation was performed using an experimental cohort.

Results

A total of three pyroptosis-related genes (CASP4, CASP9, and NOD2) were used to construct a survival prognostic model, and experimental validation was performed using an experimental cohort. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was performed, and the area under the ROC curves (AUC) was 0.921, 0.840, and 0.905 at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. Functional analysis revealed that T-cell activation, regulation of T-cell activation, leukocyte cell-cell adhesion, and positive regulation of cell adhesion among other immune-related functions were enriched, and immune-related processes were different between the two risk groups.

Conclusion

In this study, a novel prognostic model based on three pyroptosis-related genes is constructed and used to predict the prognosis of GBM patients. The model can accurately and conveniently predict the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS of GBM patients.

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