Image_1_A Nomogram With Six Variables Is Useful to Predict the Risk of Acquiring Carbapenem-Resistant Microorganism Infection in ICU Patients.tif
Carbapenem-resistant microorganism (CRO) transmission in the medical setting confers a global threat to public health. However, there is no established risk prediction model for infection due to CRO in ICU patients. This study aimed to develop a nomogram to predict the risk of acquiring CRO infection in patients with the first ICU admission and to determine the length of ICU stay (ICU-LOS) and 28-day survival.Methods
Patient data were retrieved from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care (MIMIC-IV) database based on predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. A CRO was defined as a bacterium isolated from any humoral microbial culture that showed insensitivity or resistance to carbapenems. The characteristics of CRO and non-CRO patients in the first ICU admission were compared. Propensity score matching was applied to balance the differences between the CRO and non-CRO cohorts. Kaplan–Meier curves were constructed to determine the 28-day survival rate and ICU-LOS. Furthermore, after randomization of the CRO cohort into the training and validation sets, a predictive nomogram was constructed based on LASSO regression and Logistic regression analysis, and its performance was verified by internal validation.Results
Overall, 4531 patients who had first ICU admission as recorded in MIMIC-IV were enrolled, 183 (4.04%) of whom were diagnosed with CRO infection. Moreover, CRO infection was independently associated with 28-day survival and ICU-LOS in ICU patients. Parameters eligible for inclusion in this nomogram were male sex, hemoglobin-min, temperature-max, use of a peripherally inserted central catheter line, dialysis treatment, and use of carbapenems. This nomogram showed a better performance as indicated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve values of 0.776 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.667-0.750) and 0.723 (95% CI 0.556-0.855) in the training and validation sets, respectively, in terms of predicting the risk of acquiring CRO infection.Conclusions
CRO infection was independently associated with ICU-LOS and 28-day survival in patients with first ICU admission. The nomogram showed the best prediction of the risk of acquiring CRO infection in ICU patients. Based on the nomogram-based scoring, we can management the risk factors and guide individualized prevention and control of CRO.