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Image_12_Identification of Parkinson’s Disease-Causing Genes via Omics Data.JPEG (9.16 MB)

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posted on 28.07.2021, 04:59 authored by Xinran Cui, Chen Xu, Liyuan Zhang, Yadong Wang

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most frequent neurogenic disease after Alzheimer’s disease. The clinical manifestations include mostly motor disorders, such as bradykinesia, myotonia, and static tremors. Since the cause of this pathological features remain unclear, there is currently no radical treatment for PD. Environmental and genetic factors are thought to contribute to the pathology of PD. To identify the genetic factors, some studies employed the Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) method and detected certain genes closely related to PD. However, the functions of these gene mutants in the development of PD are unknown. Combining GWAS and expression Quantitative Trait Loci (eQTL) analysis, the biological meaning of mutation could be explained to some extent. Therefore, the present investigation used Summary data-based Mendelian Randomization (SMR) analysis to integrate of two PD GWAS datasets and four eQTL datasets with the objective of identifying casual genes. Using this strategy, we found six Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) loci which could cause the development of PD through altering the susceptibility gene expression, and three risk genes: Synuclein Alpha (SNCA), Mitochondrial Poly(A) Polymerase (MTPAP), and RP11-305E6.4. We proved the accuracy of results through case studies and inferred the functions of these genes in PD. Overall, this study provides insights into the genetic mechanism behind PD, which is crucial for the study of the development of this disease and its diagnosis and treatment.