Image_12_Arginine 37 of Glycine Linker Dictates Regulatory Function of HapR.JPEG
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HapR is designated as a high cell density quorum sensing master regulatory protein of Vibrio cholerae. It is a member of the TetR family protein and functions both as an activator and a repressor by directly communicating with cognate promoters, thus controlling the expression of a plethora of genes in a density-dependent manner. Molecular insights reveal the domain architecture and further unveil the significance of a cross talk between the DNA binding domain and the dimerization domain for the functionality of the wild-type protein. The DNA binding domain is made up of three α-helices, where a helix-turn-helix motif spans between the helices α2 and α3. The essentiality of the glycine-rich linker linking helices α1 and α2 came into prominence while unraveling the molecular basis of a natural non-functional variant of HapR. Subsequently, the importance of linker length was demonstrated. The present study, involving a series of biochemical analyses coupled with molecular dynamics simulation, has illustrated the indispensability of a critical arginine within the linker at position 37 contributing to HapR–DNA binding activity.
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