Image_10_Rv3722c Promotes Mycobacterium tuberculosis Survival in Macrophages by Interacting With TRAF3.tif (2.1 MB)
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Image_10_Rv3722c Promotes Mycobacterium tuberculosis Survival in Macrophages by Interacting With TRAF3.tif

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posted on 25.02.2021, 04:47 authored by Yingying Lei, Xiaojian Cao, Weize Xu, Bing Yang, Yangyang Xu, Wei Zhou, Shuang Dong, Qijun Wu, Khaista Rahman, Rohit Tyagi, Shuhong Zhao, Xi Chen, Gang Cao

Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) secretes numerous proteins to interfere with host immune response for its long-term survival. As one of the top abundant M.tb secreted proteins, Rv3722c was found to be essential for bacilli growth. However, it remains elusive how this protein interferes with the host immune response and regulates M.tb survival. Here, we confirmed that Rv3722c interacted with host TRAF3 to promote M.tb replication in macrophages. Knock-down of TRAF3 attenuated the effect of Rv3722c on the intracellular M.tb survival. The interaction between Rv3722c and TRAF3 hampered MAPK and NF-κB pathways, resulting in a significant increase of IFN-β expression and decrease of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-12p40, and TNF-α expression. Our study revealed that Rv3722c interacted with TRAF3 and interrupted its downstream pathways to promote M.tb survival in macrophages. These findings facilitate further understanding of the mechanism of M.tb secreted proteins in regulating the host cell immune response and promoting its intracellular survival.

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