Image6_Dynamic Expression and Gene Regulation of MicroRNAs During Bighead Carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) Early Development.PDF (1.48 MB)

Image6_Dynamic Expression and Gene Regulation of MicroRNAs During Bighead Carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) Early Development.PDF

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posted on 2022-01-19, 15:49 authored by Jianjun Fu, Wenbin Zhu, Lanmei Wang, Mingkun Luo, Bingjie Jiang, Zaijie Dong

The early development of fish is regulated through dynamic and complex mechanisms involving the regulation of various genes. Many genes are subjected to post-transcriptional regulation by microRNAs (miRNAs). In the Chinese aquaculture industry, the native species bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) is important. However, the genetic regulation related to the early development of bighead carp is unknown. Here, we generated developmental profiles by miRNA sequencing to study the dynamic regulation of miRNAs during bighead carp early development. This study identified 1 046 miRNAs, comprising 312 known miRNAs and 734 uncharacterized miRNAs. Changes in miRNA expression were identified in the six early development stages. An obviously increased expression trend was detected during the development process, with the main burst of activity occurring after the earliest stage (early blastula, DS1). Investigations revealed that several miRNAs were dominantly expressed during the development process, especially in the later stages (e.g., miR-10b-5p, miR-21, miR-92a-3p, miR-206-3p, and miR-430a-3p), suggesting that these miRNAs exerted important functions during embryonic development. The differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) and time-serial analysis (profiles) of DEMs were analyzed. A total of 372 miRNAs were identified as DEMs (fold-change >2, and false discovery rate <0.05), and three expression profiles of the DEMs were detected to have co-expression patterns (r > 0.7, and p < 0.05). The broad negative regulation of target genes by miRNAs was speculated, and many development-related biological processes and pathways were enriched for the targets of the DEMs, which might be associated with maternal genome degradation and embryogenesis processes. In conclusion, we revealed the repertoire of miRNAs that are active during early development of bighead carp. These findings will increase our understanding of the regulatory mechanisms of early development of fish.