Image5_OAS3 is a Co-Immune Biomarker Associated With Tumour Microenvironment, Disease Staging, Prognosis, and Treatment Response in Multiple Cancer Types.TIF
2′,5′-oligoadenylate synthase (OAS) is a class of enzymes induced by interferons and mainly encoded by the OAS1, OAS2, and OAS3 genes, which activate the potential RNA enzymes to degrade viral mRNA, inhibit viral protein synthesis and promote apoptosis in virus-infected cells. OAS3 is associated with breast cancer prognosis. However, the expression and prognosis of OAS3 and tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes in pan-cancer remain unknown. In the present study, we have systematically investigated and confirmed the role of OAS3 in tumour immune infiltration, immune escape, tumour progression, response to treatment, and prognosis of different cancer types using various bioinformatics methods. The findings suggest that OAS3 is aberrantly expressed in almost all TCGA cancer types and subtypes and is associated with tumour staging, metastasis, and prognostic deterioration in different tumours. In addition, OAS3 expression is associated with the prognosis and chemotherapeutic outcomes of various cancers. In terms of immune-infiltrating levels, OAS3 expression is positively associated with the infiltration of immunosuppressive cells. These findings suggest that OAS3 is correlated with prognosis and immune-infiltrating levels.