Image3_Blastocyst Morphology Based on Uniform Time-Point Assessments is Correlated With Mosaic Levels in Embryos.tiff (350.26 kB)
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Image3_Blastocyst Morphology Based on Uniform Time-Point Assessments is Correlated With Mosaic Levels in Embryos.tiff

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posted on 22.12.2021, 04:46 by Chien-Hong Chen, Chun-I Lee, Chun-Chia Huang, Hsiu-Hui Chen, Shu-Ting Ho, En-Hui Cheng, Pin‐Yao Lin, Chung-I Chen, Tsung-Hsien Lee, Maw-Sheng Lee

Avoiding aneuploid embryo transfers has been shown to improve pregnancy outcomes in patients with implantation failure and pregnancy loss. This retrospective cohort study aims to analyze the correlation of time-lapse (TL)-based variables and numeric blastocyst morphological scores (TLBMSs) with different mosaic levels. In total, 918 biopsied blastocysts with time-lapse assessments at a uniform time-point were subjected to next-generation sequencing–based preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy. In consideration of patient- and cycle-related confounding factors, all redefined blastocyst morphology components of low-grade blastocysts, that is, expansion levels (odds ratio [OR] = 0.388, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.217–0.695; OR = 0.328, 95% CI = 0.181–0.596; OR = 0.343, 95% CI = 0.179–0.657), inner cell mass grades (OR = 0.563, 95% CI = 0.333–0.962; OR = 0.35, 95% CI = 0.211–0.58; OR = 0.497, 95% CI = 0.274–0.9), and trophectoderm grades (OR = 0.29, 95% CI = 0.178–0.473; OR = 0.242, 95% CI = 0.143–0.411; OR = 0.3, 95% CI = 0.162–0.554), were less correlated with mosaic levels ≤20%, <50%, and ≤80% as compared with those of top-grade blastocysts (p < 0.05). After converting blastocyst morphology grades into scores, high TLBMSs were associated with greater probabilities of mosaic levels ≤20% (OR = 1.326, 95% CI = 1.187–1.481), <50% (OR = 1.425, 95% CI = 1.262–1.608), and ≤80% (OR = 1.351, 95% CI = 1.186–1.539) (p < 0.001). The prediction abilities of TLBMSs were similar for mosaic levels ≤20% (AUC = 0.604, 95% CI = 0.565–0.642), <50% (AUC = 0.634, 95% CI = 0.598–0.671), and ≤80% (AUC = 0.617, 95% CI = 0.576–0.658). In conclusion, detailed evaluation with TL monitoring at the specific time window reveals that redefined blastocyst morphology components and converted numeric TLBMSs are significantly correlated with all of the threshold levels of mosaicism. However, the performance of TLBMSs to differentiate blastocysts with aberrant ploidy risk remains perfectible.

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