Image3_A Circ-0007022/miR-338-3p/Neuropilin-1 Axis Reduces the Radiosensitivity of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma by Activating Epithelial-To-Mese.TIF (874.3 kB)
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Image3_A Circ-0007022/miR-338-3p/Neuropilin-1 Axis Reduces the Radiosensitivity of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma by Activating Epithelial-To-Mesenchymal Transition and PI3K/AKT Pathway.TIF

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posted on 29.04.2022, 06:38 authored by Junpeng Zhang, Yanyan Yu, Xiaoyang Yin, Lei Feng, Zhe Li, Xiaomeng Liu, Xinshuang Yu, Baosheng Li

Radiotherapy resistance is an important cause of treatment failure in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Circular RNAs have attracted a lot of attention in cancer research, but their role in ESCC radiosensitivity has not been elucidated yet. Here, we aimed to evaluated the functional impacts of circ-0007022 on ESCC radiosensitivity. In this study, a stable radiotherapy-resistant cell line was established and verified by a series of functional experiments. Subsequently, high-throughput sequencing revealed that circ-0007022 was significantly overexpressed in the radiotherapy-resistant cell line and this conclusion was verified in ESCC patients’ tumor tissues by real-time quantitative PCR. Moreover, loss-of-function and overexpression experiments in vitro and in vivo revealed that, after irradiation, the abilities of proliferation and migration in circ-0007022-overexpressing stable transgenic strain were significantly higher than that in circ-0007022-knockdown stable transgenic strain. Additionally, RNA Immunoprecipitation, RNA pull-down, luciferase reporter assays, and fluorescence in situ hybridization experiments demonstrated the mechanism of how circ-0007022 could sponge miR-338-3p and upregulate downstream target of miR-338-3p, neuropilin-1 (NRP1). Moreover, NRP1 led to poor prognosis for ESCC patients receiving radiotherapy, and NRP1 knock-down enhanced radiosensitivity of ESCC cells. Furthermore, circ-0007022 overexpression activated Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and PI3K/Akt pathway, and NRP1 knock-down could reversed this phenomenon. Finally, Akt Inhibitor reversed circ-0007022s role in radiotherapy in ESCC cells. Taken together, the circ-0007022/miR-338-3p/NRP1 axis enhances the radiation resistance of ESCC cells via regulating EMT and PI3K/Akt pathway. The new circRNA circ-0007022 is thus expected to be a therapeutic target for ESCC patients.

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