Image2_The Validation of a Single Multiplex Typing System With 45 Y-STR Markers for Familial Searching and Database Construction.TIF (2.03 MB)
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posted on 27.01.2022, 04:50 authored by Ying Zeng, Ling Chen, Mengge Wang, Chengliang Yang, Hong Liu, Cheng Xiao, ChangHui Liu, Yue Li, Quyi Xu, Weian Du, Chao Liu

The Y-chromosomal short tandem repeat (Y-STR) is an effective forensic tool in familial searches and patrilineal relationship evaluation. However, currently available Y-STR panels often lack sufficient discriminatory power to resolve genetic relationships between distant relatives or within patrilocal populations. This study aims to establish a novel Y-STR amplification system for forensic casework analysis and database construction, which contains 44 slowly and moderately mutating and one rapidly mutating Y-STR. The validation of the assay was conducted following the recommendations of SWGDAM developmental validation guidelines. Different types of casework samples were tested and reliable profiles were obtained. Furthermore, we genotyped and analyzed 141 unrelated Han Chinese male samples. The results showed that this Y45 kit could improve the performance of identifying male individuals, higher haplotype diversity, and discrimination capacity when compared to the previous widely used Yfiler Plus kit. In general, the validation study demonstrated that the newly developed Y45 kit possesses high sensitivity, inhibitor tolerance, male specificity in a mixture, species specificity, and precision and is capable of forensic casework analysis and database construction.

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