Image2_Role of the CBX Molecular Family in Lung Adenocarcinoma Tumorigenesis and Immune Infiltration.TIF (135.1 kB)
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Image2_Role of the CBX Molecular Family in Lung Adenocarcinoma Tumorigenesis and Immune Infiltration.TIF

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posted on 13.12.2021, 04:38 by Chun Zhang, Lisha Chang, Yizhen Yao, Ce Chao, Zhongchun Ge, Chengfeng Fan, Hualin Yu, Bin Wang, Jingsong Yang

Background: The members of the Chromobox (CBX) family are important epigenetic regulatory molecules with critical biological roles in many tumors. However, no study has analyzed or verified their role in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD).

Methods: UALCAN and Oncomine databases were used to analyze CBX expression in LUAD, and the cBioPortal database was used to analyze CBX genetic variations. The Kaplan-Meier plotter and UALCAN databases were used to identify molecules with prognostic value. Gene Ontology pathway, receiver operating characteristic curves, and tumor-infiltrating immune cell analyses were used to clarify the biological function of the CBX hub molecules. Paired tumor samples and lung adenocarcinoma cell lines were collected for molecular functional assays to validate the results of the bioinformatics analysis.

Results: CBX3/5 may have a cancer-promoting effect and its expression is associated with a poor patient prognosis, while CBX7 shows an opposite trend. CBX3/5/7 can regulate signaling pathways, regulate tumor immune cell infiltration, and has diagnostic value. Molecular biology experiments show that CBX3/5 is highly expressed in LUAD patients; in vitro it promotes the proliferation and migration of the LUAD cell line and can regulate the expression of the corresponding cytokines. CBX7 has opposite effects.

Conclusion: Our bioinformatics analysis and subsequent experimental verification confirmed the CBX family members acted as hub signaling molecules in LUAD. The results provide new potential targets for the diagnosis and treatment of this cancer.

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