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posted on 20.12.2021, 05:01 authored by Yaru Nai, Li Du, Meiying Shen, Tingting Li, Jingjing Huang, Xiaojian Han, Feiyang Luo, Wang Wang, Da Pang, Aishun Jin

Tumor necrosis factor–related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptor 1 (TRAIL-R1) has limited expression in normal tissues but was highly expressed in various types of tumors, making it an attractive target for cancer immunotherapy. Here, we utilized the single-chain variable fragment (scFv) from our previously identified TRAIL-R1–targeting monoclonal antibody (TR1419) with antitumor efficacy and produced the TR1419 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells. We characterized the phenotypes and functions of these CAR-T cells and found that the third-generation TR1419-28BBζ CAR-T cells exhibited greater target sensitivity and proliferative capability, with slightly higher PD-1 expression after antigen stimulation. Importantly, we found that the TR1419 CAR-T cells could induce TRAIL-R1–positive tumor cell death via a dual mechanism of the death receptor–dependent apoptosis as well as the T-cell–mediated cytotoxicity. Altogether, the TR1419 CAR-T cells could serve as a promising strategy for targeting the TRAIL-R1–positive tumors.

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