Image1_Suppression of CD13 Enhances the Cytotoxic Effect of Chemotherapeutic Drugs in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells.pdf
Multidrug resistance (MDR) of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a serious problem that directly hinders the effect of chemotherapeutics. In this study, we mainly explore the molecular mechanism of ROS-induced CD13 expression using hepatocarcinoma cells as the research object. We show that the drug of fluorouracil (5FU), epirubicin (EPI) and gemcitabine (GEM) can induce ROS generation, activate Ets2 and promote CD13 expression. Meanwhile, CD13 can activate NRF1 and up-regulate ROS scavenging genes transcription, such as SOD1, GPX1, GPX2 and GPX3, leading to down-regulation of intracellular ROS level and reducing the sensitivity of cells to chemotherapy agent. We also detected the anti-tumor effect of the combination therapy, CD13 inhibitor ubenimex and a variety of conventional anti-cancer drugs, such as 5FU, EPI, GEM, pemetrexed (Pem) and paclitaxel (PTX) were employed in combination. Ubenimex enhances the sensitivity of different chemotherapeutic agents and cooperates with chemotherapeutic agents to suppress tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. In general, overexpression of CD13 can lead to chemotherapy resistance, and CD13 inhibitor can reverse this effect. Combination of chemotherapy agent and ubenimex will become a potential treatment strategy for liver cancer resistance.