table4_Zic Family Member 2 (ZIC2): a Potential Diagnostic and Prognostic Biomarker for Pan-Cancer.xlsx
Background: As a transcription factor, Zinc finger protein ZIC2 can interact with various DNAs and proteins. Current studies have shown that ZIC2 plays an oncogene role in various cancers. In this study, we systematically characterize the prevalence and predictive value of ZIC2 expression across multiple cancer types.
Methods: We mined several public databases, including Oncomine, the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), cBioPortal, Kaplan-Meier Plotter and PrognoScan to evaluated the differentially expressed ZIC2 between tumor samples and normal control samples in pan-cancner, and then explored the association between ZIC2 expression and patient survival, prognosis and clinicopathologic stage. We also analyzed the relationship between tumor mutation burden (TMB), microsatellite instability (MSI), tumor microenvironment, tumor- and immune-related genes and ZIC2 expression. Finally, we explored the potential signaling pathway mechanism through gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA).
Results: ZIC2 expression was higher in most cancer tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. High ZIC2 expression was associated with worse prognosis and a higher clinicopathologic stage. ZIC2 expression was strongly associated with the TMB, MSI, tumor microenvironment and tumor- and immune-related genes. The GSEA revealed that multiple tumor- and immune-related pathways were differentially enriched in ZIC2 high or low expression phenotype.
Conclusion: ZIC2 expression may be a potential prognostic molecular biomarker of poor survival in pan-cancer and may act as an oncogene with a strong effect in the processes of tumorigenesis and progression.