table1_Activation of the Cholinergic Anti-inflammatory Pathway Attenuated Angiotension II-Dependent Hypertension and Renal Injury.docx (15.02 kB)
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table1_Activation of the Cholinergic Anti-inflammatory Pathway Attenuated Angiotension II-Dependent Hypertension and Renal Injury.docx

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posted on 17.03.2021, 04:35 by Shu-jie Wu, Zhe-wei Shi, Xue Wang, Fang-fang Ren, Zuo-yi Xie, Li Lei, Peng Chen

Background: Angiotensin II (AngII) induces renal fibrosis, characterized by fibroblast proliferation, inflammatory cell infiltration and excessive extracellular matrix deposition, all of which was relevant closely to hypertension. The vagus nerve-related cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway (CAP) modulates local and systemic inflammatory responses. The aim of present study was to determine the effect of CAP on renal inflammation and fibrosis.

Methods and Results: AngII-induced hypertension was induced in vivo by 14-days low-dose AngII infusion from osmotic minipumps. We used GTS-21 dihydrochloride, a selective nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist. Daily intraperitoneal GTS-21 injection and/or vagotomy started after hypertension was confirmed and continued for 4 weeks. The elevated blood pressure caused by AngII was significantly attenuated by GTS-21. Improved baroreflex sensitivity was observed after GTS-21 administration. Masson stain and immunoblotting revealed that deposition of excessive fibrosis and overexpression of inflammatory cytokines induced by AngII was reduced by GTS-21. To determine the role of autonomic control in CAP, unilateral vagotomy was performed. Vagotomy weakened the effect of CAP on AngII-induced hypertension. In vitro, GTS-21 suppressed NF-κB activation, attenuated AngII-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition and reduced inflammation and fibrosis in NRK-52E cells; α-bungarotoxin (α-Bgt, an α7-nAChR selective antagonist) partly inhibited these effects.

Conclusion: CAP protected against AngII-induced hypertension via improvement in autonomic control, suppression of NF-κB activation, and reduction of renal fibrosis and inflammatory response.

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