datasheet1_Association of 5-Hydroxytryptamine 3 Receptor Antagonists With the Prognosis of Liver Failure.doc (12.22 MB)
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datasheet1_Association of 5-Hydroxytryptamine 3 Receptor Antagonists With the Prognosis of Liver Failure.doc

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posted on 22.04.2021, 06:09 authored by Yuting Chen, Jingkang Sun, Xiude Fan, Xiaoyun Wang, Lu Zeng, Xiaoge Zhang, Kun Zhang, Na Li, Qunying Han, Zhengwen Liu

Liver failure is a severe clinical syndrome with high mortality. 5-Hydroxytryptamine 3 receptor antagonists (5-HT3RAs) can reduce liver damage in animal models. We investigated whether 5-HT3RAs may improve the prognosis of liver failure. We analyzed the 28 and 90 days mortality of liver failure patients in relation to the use of 5-HT3RAs using data from a tertiary hospital in northwest China. According to the use of 5-HT3RAs, 419 patients with liver failure (46 acute, 93 sub-acute, 44 chronic, 236 acute on chronic) were divided into 5-HT3RA group (n = 105) and control group (n = 314). 5-HT3RAs were associated with decreased 28 days (HR 0.18, 95% CI 0.10-0.34, p < 0.001) and 90 days (HR 0.21, 95% CI 0.13-0.33, p < 0.001) mortality. After propensity score matching (PSM) (n = 67 in each group), 5-HT3RAs were still significantly associated with reduced 28 days (HR 0.10, 95%CI 0.04-0.26, p < 0.001) and 90 days (HR 0.16, 95%CI 0.08-0.31, p < 0.001) mortality. 5-HT3RA group patients had significantly higher 28 and 90 days survivals than controls both before and after PSM (all p < 0.001). This study shows that 5-HT3RAs are associated with increased survival of liver failure patients and thus may be used to treat liver failure if the findings are confirmed by additional studies.

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