Table_9_Identification of New Leaf Rust Resistance Loci in Wheat and Wild Relatives by Array-Based SNP Genotyping and Association Genetics.XLSX
Leaf rust caused by Puccinia triticina is the most widespread rust disease of wheat. As pathogen populations are constantly evolving, identification of novel sources of resistance is necessary to maintain disease resistance and stay ahead of this plant-pathogen evolutionary arms race. The wild genepool of wheat is a rich source of genetic diversity, accounting for 44% of the Lr genes identified. Here we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on a diverse germplasm of 385 accessions, including 27 different Triticum and Aegilops species. Genetic characterization using the wheat 90 K array and subsequent filtering identified a set of 20,501 single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) markers. Of those, 9,570 were validated using exome capture and mapped onto the Chinese Spring reference sequence v1.0. Phylogenetic analyses illustrated four major clades, clearly separating the wild species from the T. aestivum and T. turgidum species. GWAS was conducted using eight statistical models for infection types against six leaf rust isolates and leaf rust severity rated in field trials for 3–4 years at 2–3 locations in Canada. Functional annotation of genes containing significant quantitative trait nucleotides (QTNs) identified 96 disease-related loci associated with leaf rust resistance. A total of 21 QTNs were in haplotype blocks or within flanking markers of at least 16 known Lr genes. The remaining significant QTNs were considered loci that putatively harbor new Lr resistance genes. Isolation of these candidate genes will contribute to the elucidation of their role in leaf rust resistance and promote their usefulness in marker-assisted selection and introgression.