Table_8_Silicon fertilizer mediated structural variation and niche differentiation in the rhizosphere and endosphere bacterial microbiome and metabolites of sugarcane.XLSX
The microbiomes of plant are potential determinants of plant growth, productivity, and health. They provide plants with a plethora of functional capacities, namely, phytopathogens suppression, access to low-abundance nutrients, and resistance to environmental stressors. However, a comprehensive insight into the structural compositions of the bacterial abundance, diversity, richness, and function colonizing various microenvironments of plants, and specifically their association with bioactive compounds and soil edaphic factors under silicon (Si) amendment remains largely inconclusive. Here, high-throughput sequencing technology and nontargeted metabolite profiling method were adopted to test the hypotheses regarding microbiome niche abundance, diversity, richness, function, and their association with bioactive compounds and soil edaphic factors within different ecological niches (leaf, stem, root, rhizosphere, and bulk soils) under Si amendment during cane growth were we addressed. Our results demonstrated that Si correspondingly increased sugarcane theoretical production and yield, and remarkably enhanced soil nutrient status, especially Si, AP, and AK. It was also observed that bacterial diversity demonstrated tissue-dependent distribution patterns, with the bulk soil, rhizosphere soil, and root endosphere revealing the highest amount of bacterial diversity compared with the stem and leaf tissues. Moreover, Si exhibited the advantage of considerably promoting bacterial abundance in the various plant compartments. Co-occurrence interactions demonstrated that Si application has the potential to increase bacterial diversity maintenance, coexistence, and plant–soil systems bacteria connections, thereby increasing the functional diversity in the various plant tissues, which, in turn, could trigger positive growth effects in plants. Network analysis further revealed that metabolite profiles exhibited a strong association with bacterial community structures. It was also revealed that Si content had a considerable positive association with bacterial structures. Our findings suggest that the dynamic changes in microbe’s community composition in different plant and soil compartments were compartment-specific. Our study provides comprehensive empirical evidence of the significance of Si in agriculture and illuminated on differential metabolite profiles and soil microbe’s relationship.