Table_8_Response Prediction to Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Using Delta-Radiomics Based on Sequential Whole-Tumor ADC Map.docx
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between the radiomics features (RFs) extracted from a whole-tumor ADC map during the early treatment course and response to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).Methods
Patients with ESCC who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy were enrolled in two hospitals. Whole-tumor ADC values and RFs were extracted from sequential ADC maps before treatment, after the 5th radiation, and after the 10th radiation, and the changes of ADC values and RFs were calculated as the relative difference between different time points. RFs were selected and further imported to a support vector machine classifier for building a radiomics signature. Radiomics signatures were obtained from both RFs extracted from pretreatment images and three sets of delta-RFs. Prediction models for different responders based on clinical characteristics and radiomics signatures were built up with logistic regression.Results
Patients (n=76) from hospital 1 were randomly assigned to training (n=53) and internal testing set (n=23) in a ratio of 7 to 3. In addition, to further test the performance of the model, data from another institute (n=17) were assigned to the external testing set. Neither ADC values nor delta-ADC values were correlated with treatment response in the three sets. It showed a predictive effect to treatment response that the AUC values of the radiomics signature built from delta-RFs over the first 2 weeks were 0.824, 0.744, and 0.742 in the training, the internal testing, and the external testing set, respectively. Compared with the evaluated response, the performance of response prediction in the internal testing set was acceptable (p = 0.048).Conclusions
The ADC map-based delta-RFs during the early course of treatment were effective to predict the response to cCRT in patients with ESCC.