Table_8_Ovarian Blood Sampling Identifies Junction Plakoglobin as a Novel Biomarker of Early Ovarian Cancer.xlsx
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. Early detection would improve survival, but an effective diagnostic test does not exist. Novel biomarkers for early ovarian cancer diagnosis are therefore warranted. We performed intraoperative blood sampling from ovarian veins of stage I epithelial ovarian carcinomas and analyzed the serum proteome. Junction plakoglobin (JUP) was found to be elevated in venous blood from ovaries with malignancies when compared to those with benign disease. Peripheral plasma JUP levels were validated by ELISA in a multicenter international patient cohort. JUP was significantly increased in FIGO serous stage IA+B (1.97-fold increase; p < 0.001; n = 20), serous stage I (2.09-fold increase; p < 0.0001; n = 40), serous stage II (1.81-fold increase, p < 0.001, n = 23) and serous stage III ovarian carcinomas (1.98-fold increase; p < 0.0001; n = 34) vs. normal controls (n = 109). JUP plasma levels were not increased in early stage breast cancer (p = 0.122; n = 12). In serous ovarian cancer patients, JUP had a sensitivity of 85% in stage IA+B and 60% in stage IA-C, with specificities of 76 and 94%, respectively. A logistic regression model of JUP and Cancer Antigen 125 (CA125) revealed a sensitivity of 70% for stage IA+B and 75% for stage IA-C serous carcinomas at 100% specificity. Our novel ovarian blood sampling – proteomics approach identified JUP as a promising new biomarker for epithelial ovarian cancer, which in combination with CA125 might fulfill the test criteria for ovarian cancer screening.