Table_8_Gene Expression-Based Identification of Antigen-Responsive CD8+ T Cells on a Single-Cell Level.xlsx (580.04 kB)

Table_8_Gene Expression-Based Identification of Antigen-Responsive CD8+ T Cells on a Single-Cell Level.xlsx

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posted on 06.11.2019 by Yannick F. Fuchs, Virag Sharma, Anne Eugster, Gloria Kraus, Robert Morgenstern, Andreas Dahl, Susanne Reinhardt, Andreas Petzold, Annett Lindner, Doreen Löbel, Ezio Bonifacio

CD8+ T cells are important effectors of adaptive immunity against pathogens, tumors, and self antigens. Here, we asked how human cognate antigen-responsive CD8+ T cells and their receptors could be identified in unselected single-cell gene expression data. Single-cell RNA sequencing and qPCR of dye-labeled antigen-specific cells identified large gene sets that were congruently up- or downregulated in virus-responsive CD8+ T cells under different antigen presentation conditions. Combined expression of TNFRSF9, XCL1, XCL2, and CRTAM was the most distinct marker of virus-responsive cells on a single-cell level. Using transcriptomic data, we developed a machine learning-based classifier that provides sensitive and specific detection of virus-responsive CD8+ T cells from unselected populations. Gene response profiles of CD8+ T cells specific for the autoantigen islet-specific glucose-6-phosphatase catalytic subunit-related protein differed markedly from virus-specific cells. These findings provide single-cell gene expression parameters for comprehensive identification of rare antigen-responsive cells and T cell receptors.

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