Table_8_Comprehensive Proteomic Analysis of Lysine Acetylation in Nicotiana benthamiana After Sensing CWMV Infection.XLSX (13.5 kB)
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Table_8_Comprehensive Proteomic Analysis of Lysine Acetylation in Nicotiana benthamiana After Sensing CWMV Infection.XLSX

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posted on 17.05.2021, 13:27 authored by Bowen Yuan, Tingting Liu, Ye Cheng, Shiqi Gao, Linzhi Li, Linna Cai, Jian Yang, Jianping Chen, Kaili Zhong

Protein lysine acetylation (Kac) is an important post-translational modification mechanism in eukaryotes that is involved in cellular regulation. To investigate the role of Kac in virus-infected plants, we characterized the lysine acetylome of Nicotiana benthamiana plants with or without a Chinese wheat mosaic virus (CWMV) infection. We identified 4,803 acetylated lysine sites on 1,964 proteins. A comparison of the acetylation levels of the CWMV-infected group with those of the uninfected group revealed that 747 sites were upregulated on 422 proteins, including chloroplast localization proteins and histone H3, and 150 sites were downregulated on 102 proteins. Nineteen conserved motifs were extracted and 51 percent of the acetylated proteins located on chloroplast. Nineteen Kac sites were located on histone proteins, including 10 Kac sites on histone 3. Bioinformatics analysis results indicated that lysine acetylation occurs on a large number of proteins involved in biological processes, especially photosynthesis. Furthermore, we found that the acetylation level of chloroplast proteins, histone 3 and some metabolic pathway-related proteins were significantly higher in CWMV-infected plants than in uninfected plants. In summary, our results reveal the regulatory roles of Kac in response to CWMV infection.

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