Table_7_N439K Variant in Spike Protein Alter the Infection Efficiency and Antigenicity of SARS-CoV-2 Based on Molecular Dynamics Simulation.xlsx (132.99 kB)
Download file

Table_7_N439K Variant in Spike Protein Alter the Infection Efficiency and Antigenicity of SARS-CoV-2 Based on Molecular Dynamics Simulation.xlsx

Download (132.99 kB)
dataset
posted on 03.08.2021, 05:32 authored by Wenyang Zhou, Chang Xu, Pingping Wang, Meng Luo, Zhaochun Xu, Rui Cheng, Xiyun Jin, Yu Guo, Guangfu Xue, Liran Juan, Anastasia A. Anashkina, Huan Nie, Qinghua Jiang

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), causing an outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has been undergoing various mutations. The analysis of the structural and energetic effects of mutations on protein-protein interactions between the receptor binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 and angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) or neutralizing monoclonal antibodies will be beneficial for epidemic surveillance, diagnosis, and optimization of neutralizing agents. According to the molecular dynamics simulation, a key mutation N439K in the SARS-CoV-2 RBD region created a new salt bridge with Glu329 of hACE2, which resulted in greater electrostatic complementarity, and created a weak salt bridge with Asp442 of RBD. Furthermore, the N439K-mutated RBD bound hACE2 with a higher affinity than wild-type, which may lead to more infectious. In addition, the N439K-mutated RBD was markedly resistant to the SARS-CoV-2 neutralizing antibody REGN10987, which may lead to the failure of neutralization. The results show consistent with the previous experimental conclusion and clarify the structural mechanism under affinity changes. Our methods will offer guidance on the assessment of the infection efficiency and antigenicity effect of continuing mutations in SARS-CoV-2.

History

References