Table_7_Long Noncoding RNA Expression Rofiles Elucidate the Potential Roles of lncRNA- XR_003496198 in Duck Hepatitis A Virus Type 1 Infection.xls
Duck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1) is a highly lethal virus that severely affects the duck industry worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) exert crucial roles in pathogen attacks. Here, we conducted deep transcriptome analysis to investigate the dynamic changes of host lncRNAs profiles in DHAV-1-infected duck embryo fibroblasts. We identified 16,589 lncRNAs in total and characterized their genomic features. Moreover, 772 and 616 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DELs) were screened at 12 and 24 h post-infection. Additionally, we predicted the DELs’ cis- and trans-target genes and constructed lncRNA-target genes regulatory networks. Functional annotation analyses indicated that the putative target genes of DELs participated in diverse vital biological processed, including immune responses, cellular metabolism, and autophagy. For example, we confirmed the dysregulation of pattern recognition receptors (TLR3, RIG-I, MDA5, LGP2, cGAS), signal transducers (STAT1), transcription factors (IRF7), immune response mediators (IL6, IL10, TRIM25, TRIM35, TRIM60, IFITM1, IFITM3, IFITM5), and autophagy-related genes (ULK1, ULK2, EIF4EBP2) using RT-qPCR. Finally, we confirmed that one DHAV-1 induced lncRNA-XR_003496198 is likely to inhibit DHAV-1 replication in DEFs. Our study comprehensively analyzed the lncRNA profiles upon DHAV-1 infection and screened the target genes involved in the innate immune response and autophagy signaling pathway, thereby revealing the essential roles of duck lncRNAs and broadening our understanding of host-virus interactions.