Table_7_Investigation of Genetic Determinants of Glioma Immune Phenotype by Integrative Immunogenomic Scale Analysis.xlsx (40.5 kB)
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Table_7_Investigation of Genetic Determinants of Glioma Immune Phenotype by Integrative Immunogenomic Scale Analysis.xlsx

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posted on 16.06.2021, 05:31 by Binghao Zhao, Yuekun Wang, Yaning Wang, Congxin Dai, Yu Wang, Wenbin Ma

The immunosuppressive mechanisms of the surrounding microenvironment and distinct immunogenomic features in glioblastoma (GBM) have not been elucidated to date. To fill this gap, useful data were extracted from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA), GSE16011, GSE43378, GSE23806, and GSE12907. With the ssGSEA method and the ESTIMATE and CIBERSORT algorithms, four microenvironmental signatures were used to identify glioma microenvironment genes, and the samples were reasonably classified into three immune phenotypes. The molecular and clinical features of these phenotypes were characterized via key gene set expression, tumor mutation burden, fraction of immune cell infiltration, and functional enrichment. Exhausted CD8+ T cell (GET) signature construction with the predictive response to commonly used antitumor drugs and peritumoral edema assisted in further characterizing the immune phenotype features. A total of 2,466 glioma samples with gene expression profiles were enrolled. Tumor purity, ESTIMATE, and immune and stromal scores served as the 4 microenvironment signatures used to classify gliomas into immune-high, immune-middle and immune-low groups, which had distinct immune heterogeneity and clinicopathological characteristics. The immune-H phenotype had higher expression of four immune signatures; however, most checkpoint molecules exhibited poor survival. Enriched pathways among the subtypes were related to immunity. The GET score was similar among the three phenotypes, while immune-L was more sensitive to bortezomib, cisplatin, docetaxel, lapatinib, and rapamycin prescriptions and displayed mild peritumor edema. The three novel immune phenotypes with distinct immunogenetic features could have utility for understanding glioma microenvironment regulation and determining prognosis. These results contribute to classifying glioma subtypes, remodeling the immunosuppressive microenvironment and informing novel cancer immunotherapy in the era of precision immuno-oncology.

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