Table_7_Identification and Clinical Validation of Key Extracellular Proteins as the Potential Biomarkers in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis.xlsx (29.21 kB)
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Table_7_Identification and Clinical Validation of Key Extracellular Proteins as the Potential Biomarkers in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis.xlsx

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posted on 07.12.2021, 05:04 authored by Meng Li, Hongping Chen, Pengqi Yin, Jihe Song, Fangchao Jiang, Zhanbin Tang, Xuehui Fan, Chen Xu, Yingju Wang, Yang Xue, Baichao Han, Haining Wang, Guozhong Li, Di Zhong
Background

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) mediated by autoimmunity. No objective clinical indicators are available for the diagnosis and prognosis of MS. Extracellular proteins are most glycosylated and likely to enter into the body fluid to serve as potential biomarkers. Our work will contribute to the in-depth study of the functions of extracellular proteins and the discovery of disease biomarkers.

Methods

MS expression profiling data of the human brain was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). Extracellular protein-differentially expressed genes (EP-DEGs) were screened by protein annotation databases. GO and KEGG were used to analyze the function and pathway of EP-DEGs. STRING, Cytoscape, MCODE and Cytohubba were used to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and screen key EP-DEGs. Key EP-DEGs levels were detected in the CSF of MS patients. ROC curve and survival analysis were used to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic ability of key EP-DEGs.

Results

We screened 133 EP-DEGs from DEGs. EP-DEGs were enriched in the collagen-containing extracellular matrix, signaling receptor activator activity, immune-related pathways, and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway. The PPI network of EP-DEGs had 85 nodes and 185 edges. We identified 4 key extracellular proteins IL17A, IL2, CD44, IGF1, and 16 extracellular proteins that interacted with IL17A. We clinically verified that IL17A levels decreased, but Del-1 and resolvinD1 levels increased. The diagnostic accuracy of Del-1 (AUC: 0.947) was superior to that of IgG (AUC: 0.740) with a sensitivity of 82.4% and a specificity of 100%. High Del-1 levels were significantly associated with better relapse-free and progression-free survival.

Conclusion

IL17A, IL2, CD44, and IGF1 may be key extracellular proteins in the pathogenesis of MS. IL17A, Del-1, and resolvinD1 may co-regulate the development of MS and Del-1 is a potential biomarker of MS. We used bioinformatics methods to explore the biomarkers of MS and validated the results in clinical samples. The study provides a theoretical and experimental basis for revealing the pathogenesis of MS and improving the diagnosis and prognosis of MS.

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