Table_6_Dysregulation of MicroRNAs and PIWI-Interacting RNAs in a Caenorhabditis elegans Parkinson’s Disease Model Overexpressing Human α-Synuclein an.XLSX (293.19 kB)
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Table_6_Dysregulation of MicroRNAs and PIWI-Interacting RNAs in a Caenorhabditis elegans Parkinson’s Disease Model Overexpressing Human α-Synuclein and Influence of tdp-1.XLSX

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posted on 08.03.2021, 04:44 authored by Linjing Shen, Changliang Wang, Liang Chen, Garry Wong

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) and PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) regulate gene expression and biological processes through specific genetic and epigenetic mechanisms. Recent studies have described a dysregulation of small non-coding RNAs in Parkinson’s disease (PD) tissues but have been limited in scope. Here, we extend these studies by comparing the dysregulation of both miRNAs and piRNAs from transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) nematodes overexpressing pan-neuronally human α-synuclein wild-type (WT) (HASNWT OX) or mutant (HASNA53T OX). We observed 32 miRNAs and 112 piRNAs dysregulated in HASNA53T OX compared with WT. Genetic crosses of HASNA53T OX PD animal models with tdp-1 null mutants, the C. elegans ortholog of TDP-43, an RNA-binding protein aggregated in frontal temporal lobar degeneration, improved their behavioral deficits and changed the number of dysregulated miRNAs to 11 and piRNAs to none. Neuronal function-related genes T28F4.5, C34F6.1, C05C10.3, camt-1, and F54D10.3 were predicted to be targeted by cel-miR-1018, cel-miR-355-5p (C34F6.1 and C05C10.3), cel-miR-800-3p, and 21ur-1581 accordingly. This study provides a molecular landscape of small non-coding RNA dysregulation in an animal model that provides insight into the epigenetic changes, molecular processes, and interactions that occur during PD-associated neurodegenerative disorders.

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