Table_6_Development and Validation of Nomogram to Preoperatively Predict Intraoperative Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage in Endoscopic Pituitary Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study.docx
Pituitary adenomas (PAs) are the most common tumor of the sellar region. PA resection is the preferred treatment for patients with clear indications for surgery. Intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid (iCSF) leakage is a major complication of PA resection surgery. Risk factors for iCSF leakage have been studied previously, but a predictive nomogram has not yet been developed. We constructed a nomogram for preoperative prediction of iCSF leakage in endoscopic pituitary surgery.Methods
A total of 232 patients who underwent endoscopic PA resection at the Department of Neurosurgery in Jinling Hospital between January of 2018 and October of 2020 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Patients treated by a board-certified neurosurgeon were randomly classified into a training cohort or a validation cohort 1. Patients treated by other qualified neurosurgeons were included in validation cohort 2. A range of demographic, clinical, radiological, and laboratory data were acquired from the medical records. The Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) algorithm and uni- and multivariate logistic regression were utilized to analyze these features and develop a nomogram model. We used a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and calibration curve to evaluate the predictive performance of the nomogram model.Results
Variables were comparable between the training cohort and validation cohort 1. Tumor height and albumin were included in the final prediction model. The area under the curve (AUC) of the nomogram model was 0.733, 0.643, and 0.644 in training, validation 1, and validation 2 cohorts, respectively. The calibration curve showed satisfactory homogeneity between the predicted probability and actual observations. Nomogram performance was stable in the subgroup analysis.Conclusions
Tumor height and albumin were the independent risk factors for iCSF leakage. The prediction model developed in this study is the first nomogram developed as a practical and effective tool to facilitate the preoperative prediction of iCSF leakage in endoscopic pituitary surgery, thus optimizing treatment decisions.