Table_6_Construction and Characterization of a Synergistic lncRNA–miRNA Network Reveals a Crucial and Prognostic Role of lncRNAs in Colon Cancer.XLSX (14.16 kB)
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Table_6_Construction and Characterization of a Synergistic lncRNA–miRNA Network Reveals a Crucial and Prognostic Role of lncRNAs in Colon Cancer.XLSX

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posted on 15.09.2020, 05:12 authored by Bin Zhao, Xiusheng Qu, Xin Lv, Qingdong Wang, Deqiang Bian, Fan Yang, Xingwang Zhao, Zhiwu Ji, Jian Ni, Yan Fu, Guorong Xin, Haitao Yu

Non-coding RNAs such as long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been found to be indispensable factors in carcinogenesis and cancer development. Numerous studies have explored the regulatory functions of these molecules and identified the synergistic interactions among lncRNAs or miRNAs, while those between lncRNAs and miRNAs remain to be investigated. In this study, we constructed and characterized an lncRNA–miRNA synergistic network following a four-step approach by integrating the regulatory pairs and expression profiles. The synergistic interactions with more shared regulatory mRNAs were found to have higher interactional intensity. Through the analysis of nodes in the network, we found that lncRNAs played roles that are more central and had similar synergistic interactions with their neighbors when compared with miRNAs. In addition, known colon adenocarcinoma (COAD)-related RNAs were found to be enriched in this synergistic network, with higher degrees, betweenness, and closeness. Finally, we proposed a risk score model to predict the clinical outcome for COAD patients based on two prognostic hub lncRNAs, MEG3 and ZEB1-AS1. Moreover, the hierarchical networks of these two lncRNAs could contribute to the understanding of the biological mechanism of tumorigenesis. For each lncRNA–miRNA interaction in the hub-related subnetwork and two hierarchical networks, we performed RNAup method to evaluate their binding energy. Our results identified two important lncRNAs with prognostic roles in colon cancer and dissected their regulatory mechanism involving synergistic interaction with miRNAs.

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