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Table_5_The circadian rhythms regulated by Cx43-signaling in the pathogenesis of Neuromyelitis Optica.xls (52.5 kB)

Table_5_The circadian rhythms regulated by Cx43-signaling in the pathogenesis of Neuromyelitis Optica.xls

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posted on 2023-01-16, 14:00 authored by Huiru Xue, Minghui Wu, Yongle Wang, Yunfei Zhao, Meini Zhang, Hui Zhang
Introduction

Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). NMO manifests as selective and severe attacks on axons and myelin of the optic nerve and spinal cord, resulting in necrotic cavities. The circadian rhythms are well demonstrated to profoundly impact cellular function, behavior, and disease. This study is aimed to explore the role and molecular basis of circadian rhythms in NMO.

Methods

We used an Aquaporin 4(AQP4) IgG-induced NMO cell model in isolated astrocytes. The expression of Cx43 and Bmal1 were detected by real-time PCR and Western Blot. TAT-Gap19 and DQP-1105 were used to inhibit Cx43 and glutamate receptor respectively. The knockdown of Bmal1 were performed with the shRNA containing adenovirus. The levels of glutamate, anterior visual pathway (AVP), and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) were quantified by ELISA kits.

Results

We found that Bmal1 and Clock, two essential components of the circadian clock, were significantly decreased in NMO astrocytes, which were reversed by Cx43 activation (linoleic acid) or glutamate. Moreover, the expression levels of Bmal1 and Clock were also decreased by Cx43 blockade (TAT-Gap19) or glutamate receptor inhibition (DQP-1105). Furthermore, adenovirus-mediated Bmal1 knockdown by shRNA (Ad-sh-Bmal1) dramatically decreased the levels of glutamate, AVP, and VIP from neurons, and significantly down-regulated the protein level of Cx43 in NMO astrocytes with Cx43 activation (linoleic acid) or glutamate treatment. However, Bmal1 knockdown did not alter these levels in normal astrocytes with Cx43 blockade (TAT-Gap19) or glutamate receptor inhibition (DQP-1105).

Discussion

Collectively, these results suggest that Cx43-glutamate signaling would be a critical upstream regulator that contributes to the NMO-induced rhythmic damage in SCN astrocytes.

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