Table_5_Roles of DNA Methylation in Cold Priming in Tartary Buckwheat.xlsx
Plants experience a wide array of environmental stimuli, some of which are frequent occurrences of cold weather, which have priming effects on agricultural production and agronomic traits. DNA methylation may act as an epigenetic regulator for the cold response of Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum). Combined with long-term field observation and laboratory experiments, comparative phenome, methylome, and transcriptome analyses were performed to investigate the potential epigenetic contributions for the cold priming of Tartary buckwheat variety Dingku1. Tartary buckwheat cv. Dingku1 exhibited low-temperature resistance. Single-base resolution maps of the DNA methylome were generated, and a global loss of DNA methylation was observed during cold responding in Dingku1. These sites with differential methylation levels were predominant in the intergenic regions. Several hundred genes had different DNA methylation patterns and expressions in different cold treatments (cold memory and cold shock), such as CuAO, RPB1, and DHE1. The application of a DNA methylation inhibitor caused a change of the free lysine content, suggesting that DNA methylation can affect metabolite accumulation for Tartary buckwheat cold responses. The results of the present study suggest important roles of DNA methylation in regulating cold response and forming agronomic traits in Tartary buckwheat.