Table_5_Pervasive Inter-Individual Variation in Allele-Specific Expression in Monozygotic Twins.xlsx (292.16 kB)

Table_5_Pervasive Inter-Individual Variation in Allele-Specific Expression in Monozygotic Twins.xlsx

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posted on 26.11.2019, 10:49 by Ronaldo da Silva Francisco Junior, Cristina dos Santos Ferreira, Juan Carlo Santos e Silva, Douglas Terra Machado, Yasmmin Côrtes Martins, Victor Ramos, Gustavo Simões Carnivali, Ana Beatriz Garcia, Enrique Medina-Acosta

Despite being developed from one zygote, heterokaryotypic monozygotic (MZ) co-twins exhibit discordant karyotypes. Epigenomic studies in biological samples from heterokaryotypic MZ co-twins are of the most significant value for assessing the effects on gene- and allele-specific expression of an extranumerary chromosomal copy or structural chromosomal disparities in otherwise nearly identical germline genetic contributions. Here, we use RNA-Seq data from existing repositories to establish within-pair correlations for the breadth and magnitude of allele-specific expression (ASE) in heterokaryotypic MZ co-twins discordant for trisomy 21 and maternal 21q inheritance, as well as homokaryotypic co-twins. We show that there is a genome-wide disparity at ASE sites between the heterokaryotypic MZ co-twins. Although most of the disparity corresponds to changes in the magnitude of biallelic imbalance, ASE sites switching from either strictly monoallelic to biallelic imbalance or the reverse occur in few genes that are known or predicted to be imprinted, subject to X-chromosome inactivation or A-to-I(G) RNA edited. We also uncovered comparable ASE differences between homokaryotypic MZ twins. The extent of ASE discordance in MZ twins (2.7%) was about 10-fold lower than the expected between pairs of unrelated, non-twin males or females. The results indicate that the observed within-pair dissimilarities in breadth and magnitude of ASE sites in the heterokaryotypic MZ co-twins could not solely be attributable to the aneuploidy and the missing allelic heritability at 21q.