Table_5_Microbiota Modulates Cardiac Transcriptional Responses to Intermittent Hypoxia and Hypercapnia.XLSX (46.5 kB)
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Table_5_Microbiota Modulates Cardiac Transcriptional Responses to Intermittent Hypoxia and Hypercapnia.XLSX

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posted on 25.06.2021, 05:31 by Dan Zhou, Jin Xue, Yukiko Miyamoto, Orit Poulsen, Lars Eckmann, Gabriel G. Haddad

The microbiota plays a critical role in regulating organismal health and response to environmental stresses. Intermittent hypoxia and hypercapnia, a condition that represents the main hallmark of obstructive sleep apnea in humans, is known to induce significant alterations in the gut microbiome and metabolism, and promotes the progression of atherosclerosis in mouse models. To further understand the role of the microbiome in the cardiovascular response to intermittent hypoxia and hypercapnia, we developed a new rodent cage system that allows exposure of mice to controlled levels of O2 and CO2 under gnotobiotic conditions. Using this experimental setup, we determined the impact of the microbiome on the transcriptional response to intermittent hypoxia and hypercapnia in the left ventricle of the mouse heart. We identified significant changes in gene expression in both conventionally reared and germ-free mice. Following intermittent hypoxia and hypercapnia exposure, we detected 192 significant changes in conventionally reared mice (96 upregulated and 96 downregulated) and 161 significant changes (70 upregulated and 91 downregulated) in germ-free mice. Only 19 of these differentially expressed transcripts (∼10%) were common to conventionally reared and germ-free mice. Such distinct transcriptional responses imply that the host microbiota plays an important role in regulating the host transcriptional response to intermittent hypoxia and hypercapnia in the mouse heart.

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