Table_5_Integrative Pan-Cancer Analysis Reveals Decreased Melatonergic Gene Expression in Carcinogenesis and RORA as a Prognostic Marker for Hepatocel.docx (15.74 kB)
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Table_5_Integrative Pan-Cancer Analysis Reveals Decreased Melatonergic Gene Expression in Carcinogenesis and RORA as a Prognostic Marker for Hepatocellular Carcinoma.docx

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posted on 25.03.2021, 14:43 authored by Yi Zou, Huaqin Sun, Yating Guo, Yidan Shi, Zhiyu Jiang, Jingxuan Huang, Li Li, Fengle Jiang, Zeman Lin, Junling Wu, Ruixiang Zhou, Yuncai Liu, Lu Ao
Background

Melatonin has been shown to play a protective role in the development and progression of cancer. However, the relationship between alterations in the melatonergic microenvironment and cancer development has remained unclear.

Methods

We performed a comprehensive investigation on 12 melatonergic genes and their relevance to cancer occurrence, progression and survival by integrating multi-omics data from microarray analysis and RNA sequencing across 11 cancer types. Specifically, the 12 melatonergic genes that we investigated, which reflect the melatonergic microenvironment, included three membrane receptor genes, three nuclear receptor genes, two intracellular receptor genes, one synthetic gene, and three metabolic genes.

Results

Widely coherent underexpression of nuclear receptor genes, intracellular receptor genes, and metabolic genes was observed in cancerous samples from multiple cancer types compared to that in normal samples. Furthermore, genomic and/or epigenetic alterations partially contributed to these abnormal expression patterns in cancerous samples. Moreover, the majority of melatonergic genes had significant prognostic effects in predicting overall survival. Nevertheless, few corresponding alterations in expression were observed during cancer progression, and alterations in expression patterns varied greatly across cancer types. However, the association of melatonergic genes with one specific cancer type, hepatocellular carcinoma, identified RORA as a tumor suppressor and a prognostic marker for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

Conclusions

Overall, our study revealed decreased melatonergic gene expression in various cancers, which may help to better elucidate the relationship between melatonin and cancer development. Taken together, our findings highlight the potential prognostic significance of melatonergic genes in various cancers.

History

References