Table_5_Complementary DNA/RNA-Based Profiling: Characterization of Corrosive Microbial Communities and Their Functional Profiles in an Oil Production Facility.XLSX
DNA and RNA-based sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene and transcripts were used to assess the phylogenetic diversity of microbial communities at assets experiencing corrosion in an oil production facility. The complementary methodological approach, coupled with extensive bioinformatics analysis, allowed to visualize differences between the total and potentially active communities present in several locations of the production facility. According to the results, taxa indicative for thermophiles and oil-degrading microorganisms decreased their relative abundances in the active communities, whereas sulfate reducing bacteria and methanogens had the opposite pattern. The differences in the diversity profile between total and active communities had an effect on the microbial functional capability predicted from the 16S rRNA sequences. Primarily, genes involved in methane metabolism were enriched in the RNA-based sequencing approach. Comparative analysis of microbial communities in the produced water, injection water and deposits in the pipelines showed that deposits host more individual species than other sample sources in the facility. Similarities in the number of cells and microbial profiles of active communities in biocide treated and untreated sampling locations suggested that the treatment was ineffective at controlling the growth of microbial populations with a known corrosive metabolism. Differences in the results between DNA and RNA-based profiling demonstrated that DNA results alone can lead to the underestimation of active members in the community, highlighting the importance of using a complementary approach to obtain a broad general overview not only of total and active members but also in the predicted functionality.