Table_5_Comparison between distinct insulin resistance indices in measuring the development of hypertension: The China Health and Nutrition Survey.docx
Our aim was to identify the relationship between several surrogate insulin resistance (IR) indices based on lipid products and the development of hypertension.Materials and methods
A total of 3,281 participants aged ≥ 18 years enrolled in the China Health and Nutrition Survey from 2009 to 2015 and who were followed up for 6 years were included in the final analysis. Logistic regression was used to analyze the association between different IR indices and incident hypertension.Results
There were 882 (28.9%) hypertensive participants in 2015. With regard to the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) based on insulin level, subjects in the highest quartile of HOMA-IR values were more likely to develop hypertension [RR = 1.58 (1.26–1.98), P < 0.001] after being adjusted by sex and age, smoke habits, alcohol consumption, community type, married status, and education years in 2009. Subjects in the highest quartile of the triglyceride-glucose index (TyG) combined with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) had more than two times the risk of hypertension after full adjustment compared with individuals in the lowest quartile (both P < 0.001), and the trend continued when adjusted for the HOMA-IR. Compared with those in the lowest quartile of TyG-BMI values, females in the highest quartile had a higher risk of developing hypertension than males [2.82 (2.01–3.97) vs. 2.56 (1.80–3.64)] after the full adjustment, and the trend existed independent of IR. Young participants in the highest quartile of the HOMA-IR had significantly higher risks of hypertension compared with subjects in the lowest quartile [1.67 (1.31–2.14), P < 0.005], and this trend was not significant in the elderly participants.Conclusion
The results from our large-scale study elucidate the superiority of the TyG-BMI and TyG-WC compared with the HOMA-IR in the prediction of hypertension, which may be related to lipid deposition. The sex-specific predictive value is distinct for different IR indicators.