Table_4_The Transient IFN Response and the Delay of Adaptive Immunity Feature the Severity of COVID-19.xlsx (10.22 kB)
Download file

Table_4_The Transient IFN Response and the Delay of Adaptive Immunity Feature the Severity of COVID-19.xlsx

Download (10.22 kB)
dataset
posted on 14.01.2022, 05:11 by Gang Xu, Furong Qi, Haiyan Wang, Yu Liu, Xin Wang, Rongrong Zou, Jing Yuan, Xuejiao Liao, Yang Liu, Shuye Zhang, Zheng Zhang

COVID-19 patients show heterogeneous and dynamic immune features which determine the clinical outcome. Here, we built a single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) dataset for dissecting these complicated immune responses through a longitudinal survey of COVID-19 patients with various categories of outcomes. The data reveals a highly fluctuating peripheral immune landscape in severe COVID-19, whereas the one in asymptomatic/mild COVID-19 is relatively steady. Then, the perturbed immune landscape in peripheral blood returned to normal state in those recovered from severe COVID-19. Importantly, the imbalance of the excessively strong innate immune response and delayed adaptive immunity in the early stage of viral infection accelerates the progression of the disease, indicated by a transient strong IFN response and weak T/B-cell specific response. The proportion of abnormal monocytes appeared early and rose further throughout the severe disease. Our data indicate that a dynamic immune landscape is associated with the progression and recovery of severe COVID-19, and have provided multiple immune biomarkers for early warning of severe COVID-19.

History

References