Table_4_The Pyroptosis-Related Signature Predicts Prognosis and Indicates Immune Microenvironment Infiltration in Gastric Cancer.XLSX (28.45 kB)
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Table_4_The Pyroptosis-Related Signature Predicts Prognosis and Indicates Immune Microenvironment Infiltration in Gastric Cancer.XLSX

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posted on 11.06.2021, 05:56 authored by Wei Shao, Zongcheng Yang, Yue Fu, Lixin Zheng, Fen Liu, Li Chai, Jihui Jia

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths and shows high levels of heterogeneity. The development of a specific prognostic model is important if we are to improve treatment strategies. Pyroptosis can arise in response to H. pylori, a primary carcinogen, and also in response to chemotherapy drugs. However, the prognostic evaluation of GC to pyroptosis is insufficient. Consensus clustering by pyroptosis-related regulators was used to classify 618 patients with GC from four GEO cohorts. Following Cox regression with differentially expressed genes, our prognosis model (PS-score) was built by LASSO-Cox analysis. The TCGA-STAD cohort was used as the validation set. ESTIMATE, CIBERSORTx, and EPIC were used to investigate the tumor microenvironment (TME). Immunotherapy cohorts by blocking PD1/PD-L1 were used to investigate the treatment response. The subtyping of GC based on pyroptosis-related regulators was able to classify patients according to different clinical traits and TME. The difference between the two subtypes identified in this study was used to develop a prognosis model which we named “PS-score.” The PS-score could predict the prognosis of patients with GC and his/her overall survival time. A low PS-score implies greater inflammatory cell infiltration and better response of immunotherapy by PD1/PD-L1 blockers. Our findings provide a foundation for future research targeting pyroptosis and its immune microenvironment to improve prognosis and responses to immunotherapy.

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