Table_4_Sex as a Determinant of Responses to a Coronary Artery Disease Self-Antigen Identified by Immune-Peptidomics.pdf (82.97 kB)
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Table_4_Sex as a Determinant of Responses to a Coronary Artery Disease Self-Antigen Identified by Immune-Peptidomics.pdf

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posted on 21.04.2020, 14:48 authored by Wai Man Lio, Bojan Cercek, Juliana Yano, Wei Yang, Jonathan Ghermezi, Xiaoning Zhao, Jianchang Zhou, Bo Zhou, Michael R. Freeman, Kuang-Yuh Chyu, Prediman K. Shah, Paul C. Dimayuga

A significant body of work implicates the adaptive immune response in atherosclerosis, the main underlying cause of coronary artery disease (CAD), yet specific antigens involved remain to be fully identified. The pathobiology of CAD is influenced by sex with many factors that may be involved in the underlying mechanisms. Given the reported sexual dimorphic nature of immune-inflammatory responses, we investigated the influence of sex on potential CAD self-antigens from acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients using immune-precipitation of soluble HLA Class-I/peptide complexes and mass spectrometry. Relevance of identified self-antigens to atherosclerosis, the major underlying cause of CAD, was tested in the apoE–/– atherosclerotic mouse model. Soluble HLA Class-I complexes from ACS patients and self-reported controls were immune-precipitated and subjected to elution, denaturation and size-exclusion to obtain HLA-bound peptides. Peptides were then subjected to mass spectrometry and patient-unique self-peptides were grouped as common to both female and male, or unique to either sex. Three peptides common to both female and male patients (COL6A1, CDSN, and SAA2), and 2 peptides each unique to female (COL1A1 and COL5A2) or male (SAA1 and KRT 9) patients were selected and mouse homologs of the peptides were screened for self-reactive immune responses in apoE–/– mice. The screening step revealed potential sex-influenced immune responses which was associated with differential immune profiles. Based on the frequency in patient plasma, COL6A1, COL5A2, and KRT 9 peptides were then tested in immunization studies. Neither COL5A2 nor KRT 9 peptide immunization resulted in significant effects on atherosclerosis compared to controls. On the other hand, female mice immunized with COL6A1 peptide had significantly reduced atherosclerosis whereas male mice had significantly increased atherosclerosis, associated with differential immune profiles. Our study identified potential self-antigens involved in atherosclerosis using the immune peptidome of CAD patients. Altering self-reactive immune responses to COL6A1 in apoE–/– mice resulted in differential effects on atherosclerosis burden with sex as a determinant of outcome.