Table_4_Major QTLs for Resistance to Early and Late Leaf Spot Diseases Are Identified on Chromosomes 3 and 5 in Peanut (Arachis hypogaea).xlsx
Early and late leaf spots (LLSs) are the major foliar diseases of peanut responsible for severely decreased yield in the absence of intensive fungicide spray programs. Pyramiding host resistance to leaf spots in elite cultivars is a sustainable solution to mitigate the diseases. In order to determine the genetic control of leaf spot disease resistance in peanut, a recombinant inbred line population (Florida-07 × GP-NC WS16) segregating for resistance to both diseases was used to construct a SNP-based linkage map consisting of 855 loci. QTL mapping revealed three resistance QTLs for LLS qLLSA05 (phenotypic variation explained, PVE = 7–10%), qLLSB03 (PVE = 5–7%), and qLLSB05 (PVE = 15–41%) that were consistently expressed over multi-year analysis. Two QTL, qLLSA05 and qLLSB05, confirmed our previously published QTL-seq results. For early leaf spot, three resistance QTLs were identified in multiple years, two on chromosome A03 (PVE = 8–12%) and one on chromosome B03 (PVE = 13–20%), with the locus qELSA03_1.1 coinciding with the previously published genomic region for LLS resistance in GPBD4. Comparative analysis of the genomic regions spanning the QTLs suggests that resistance to early and LLSs are largely genetically independent. In addition, QTL analysis on yield showed that the presence of resistance allele in qLLSB03 and qLLSB05 loci might result in protection from yield loss caused by LLS disease damage. Finally, post hoc analysis of the RIL subpopulation that was not utilized in the QTL mapping revealed that the flanking markers for these QTLs can successfully select for resistant and susceptible lines, confirming the effectiveness of pyramiding these resistance loci to improve host-plant resistance in peanut breeding programs using marker-assisted selection.