Table_4_Identification of the Immune Subtype of Hepatocellular Carcinoma for the Prediction of Disease-Free Survival Time and Prevention of Recurrence.docx (88.44 kB)
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Table_4_Identification of the Immune Subtype of Hepatocellular Carcinoma for the Prediction of Disease-Free Survival Time and Prevention of Recurrence by Integrated Analysis of Bulk- and Single-Cell RNA Sequencing Data.docx

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posted on 06.06.2022, 04:04 authored by Jie Fu, Xiaohua Lei
Background

The main factors affecting the long-term prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients undergoing radical surgery are recurrence and metastasis. However, the methods for predicting disease-free survival (DFS) time and preventing postoperative recurrence of HCC are still very limited.

Methods

In this study, immune cell abundances in HCC samples were analyzed by single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA), while the prognostic values of immune cells for DFS time prediction were evaluated by the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and subsequent univariate and multivariate Cox analyses. Next, a risk score was constructed based on the most prognostic immune cells and their corresponding coefficients. Interactions among prognostic immune cells and the specific targets for the prevention of recurrence were further identified by single-cell RNA (scRNA) sequencing data and CellMiner.

Results

A novel efficient T cell risk score (TCRS) was constructed based on data from the three most prognostic immune cell types (effector memory CD8 T cells, regulatory T cells and follicular helper T cells) for identifying an immune subtype of HCC patients with longer DFS times and inflammatory immune characteristics. Functional differences between the high- and low-score groups separated by TCRS were clarified, and the cell-cell communication among these immune cells was elucidated. Finally, fifteen hub genes that may be potential therapeutic targets for the prevention of recurrence were identified.

Conclusions

We constructed and verified a useful model for the prediction of DFS time of HCC after surgery. In addition, fifteen hub genes were identified as candidates for the prevention of recurrence, and a preliminarily investigation of potential drugs targeting these hub genes was carried out.

History

References