Table_4_Identification and Validation of Potential Biomarkers and Their Functions in Acute Kidney Injury.doc (56 kB)
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Table_4_Identification and Validation of Potential Biomarkers and Their Functions in Acute Kidney Injury.doc

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posted on 12.05.2020, 04:59 authored by Jianwen Chen, Yalei Chen, Alberto Olivero, Xiangmei Chen

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a global public health concern associated with high morbidity, mortality, and health-care costs, and the therapeutic measures are still limited. This study aims to investigate crucial genes correlated with AKI, and their potential functions, which might contribute to a better understanding of AKI pathogenesis. The high-throughput data GSE52004 and GSE98622 were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus; four group sets were extracted and integrated. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the four group sets were identified by limma package in R software. The overlapping DEGs among four group sets were further analyzed by the VennDiagram package, and their potential functions were analyzed by the GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses using the DAVID database. Furthermore, the protein–protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by STRING, and the functional modules of the PPI network were filtered by MCODE and ClusterOne in Cytoscape. Hub genes of overlapping DEGs were identified by Cyto-Hubba and cytoNCA. The expression of 35 key genes was validated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Western blot and immunofluorescence were performed to validate an important gene Egr1. A total of 722 overlapping DEGs were differentially expressed in at least three group sets. These genes mainly enriched in cell proliferation and fibroblast proliferation. Additionally, 5 significant modules and 21 hub genes, such as Havcr1, Krt20, Sox9, Egr1, Timp1, Serpine1, Edn1, and Apln were screened by analyzing the PPI networks. The 5 significant modules were mainly enriched in complement and coagulation cascades and Metabolic pathways, and the top 21 hub genes were mainly enriched in positive regulation of cell proliferation. Through validation, Krt20 were identified as the top 1 upregulated genes with a log2 (fold change) larger than 10 in all these 35 genes, and 21 genes were validated as significantly upregulated; Egr1 was validated as an upregulated gene in AKI in both RNA and protein level. In conclusion, by integrated analysis of different high-throughput data and validation by experiment, several crucial genes were identified in AKI, such as Havcr1, Krt20, Sox9, Egr1, Timp1, Serpine1, Edn1, and Apln. These genes were very important in the process of AKI, which could be further utilized to explore novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

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